Short Bio

Maaike Grammens

Maaike obtained her Master's degree in Educational Sciences from Ghent University in 2013, after previously graduating as a primary school teacher. Since September 2018, she has been working on her PhD project at the Department of Educational Studies at Ghent University under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Bram De Wever and in function of the company d-teach. The main aim of her PhD project is to identify and measure the competences needed for teaching synchronously online through videoconferencing technology in order to support teachers’ professional development.

Research Interests

  • Synchronous online learning
  • Teacher training
  • Professional development
  • Evaluating competences


For a complete list of publications, please have a look at my biblio page.

Grammens, M., Voet, M., Vanderlinde, R., Declercq, L., & De Wever, B.(2022. A systematic review of teacher roles and competences for teaching synchronously online through videoconferencing technology. EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH REVIEW, 37.

As a growing number of educational institutions are offering online programs, teachers need to be competent in this new way of teaching. This is especially the case for synchronous online learning through videoconferencing technology, an emergent and so far understudied form of online education. Based on a systematic literature review of 30 studies, this study identifies 24 competence clusters, which can be grouped into 5 teacher roles associated with synchronous online teaching through videoconferencing: the instructional, managerial, technical, communicational, and social role. This framework can act as a starting point for future research on this understudied topic and can also provide directions to support teachers' professionalization and practice.

Memberships and affiliations